2022 Service Information- TO BE CONFIRMED
11:00am- A CLOSED invitation only service being held in the Memorial Garden, Bendigo District RSL, Havilah Road, Bendigo.
All attendees MUST have RSVP’ed no later than Thursday 4th March to attend and receive confirmation of their registration.
All attendees MUST sign into the venue at the front customer service desk per COVID-19 contact tracing regulations.
Please note that Cash Donations will NOT be accepted on the day
Donations can be made directly to:
Sandakan Memorial Scholarship Trust
BSB: 112 879
Account: 412 115 015
If you require a receipt, please email Lynette Silver on email@example.com
Origins of Sandakan- ANZAC Portal
Approximately 455 prisoners of war (POWs) left Sandakan in the first march. They left the camp in different groups between January and March 1945. By the end of June, 5 months later, only six of the group from this first march were still alive at Ranau.
Trying to survive with only 4 days rations – rice, some dried fish and salt – and burdened with Japanese equipment – sacks of rice, ammunition and other items – the men struggled through the swamp, jungle and mountain forest. Those too weak to continue were shot or beaten to death.
Many of the men had been sent on rice-carrying parties between Ranau and Paginatan, a village approximately 20 km before Ranau. Men from some of the groups on the first march just wasted away there and died. Others, who couldn’t complete the 9-day trips, were either shot or bayoneted to death.
Those who survived the first march to reach Ranau were herded into insanitary and crowded huts. Many died from dysentery. By 26 June, only five Australians and one British soldier were still alive at Ranau. Those POWs who had remained at Sandakan were also suffering from malnutrition and disease.
Between February and May, 885 Australian and British prisoners died at the camp. In May, after a large Allied sea-air bombardment of Sandakan, the Japanese evacuated the remaining ill and malnourished 800 or so prisoners and burned their camp. Approximately 500 of those well enough to move were gathered in 11 groups for the second march to Ranau. Those too incapacitated to move were left behind in the burnt-out camp to die.
The second march left Sandakan camp on 29 May 1945.
The men on the second march to Ranau were sicker and even more malnourished. They ate what they could find in the jungle – snails and tree ferns – and the Japanese guards beat them with their rifle butts to urge them on. Those who couldn’t walk any further were shot, bayoneted or in some cases, beheaded. Only 183 of the men (142 Australian and 41 British POWs) survived the second march to reach Ranau on 27 June, 26 days after they left Sandakan.
On 28 July, when four Australians managed to escape, there were about 40 POWs still alive at Ranau, despite the beatings, bashings and tiny rice ration they were given. In August 1945, the Japanese massacred the surviving prisoners. Evidence suggests that these last survivors were put to death on 27 August, 12 days after the official Japanese surrender.
Only six soldiers, all of them Australians, survived the Sandakan death marches by escaping into the jungle:
- Private Keith Botterill, 2/19th Battalion (escaped with Moxham, Short and one other who died in the jungle)
- Bombardier Richard ‘Dick’ Braithwaite, 2/15th Australian Field Regiment (escaped alone into the jungle)
- Gunner Owen Campbell, 2/10thAustralian Field Regiment (escaped with three others who died in the jungle)
- Lance Bombardier William Moxham, 2/15th Australian Field Regiment
- Private Nelson Short, 2/18th Battalion
- Warrant Officer William ‘Bill’ Sticpewich, Australian Army Service Corps (escaped with one other who died in the jungle)
The men were helped by local peoples after they had escaped the Japanese. Without these survivors, we may never have discovered the fate of more than 2000 Australian and British POWs.